Effect of Signal Processing on Auditory Spatial Pe
at ORAU Workforce Solutions

Date Posted: 2/23/2019

Opportunity Description

Increasingly, soldiers are being provided with radios and headsets for use with their radios. Because these headsets provide hearing protection from loud noises and some form of hearing restoration via externally mounted microphones, these tactical communications and protection systems (TCAPS) are viewed by many as a significant improvement. Soldiers, historically reluctant to wear hearing protection, may increase their compliance with hearing conservation guidelines if they are provided with communications capability. Further, the “ambient situation awareness” capability provided by the microphones is sometimes touted as “enhanced hearing” or as “combat hearing aids” because they allow the user to set the level and even provide some amplification. However, these devices also alter the cues used for auditory spatial perception. Most notably, the level of sounds passed through the headset from the ambient microphones is limited to prevent the user from being exposed to unsafe noise levels. This is achieved in various ways. The system can simply shut off, and not transmit sounds above a certain intensity level. Or, it can compress the range of levels transmitted, passing lower levels through unchanged, but reducing the level as a function of intensity for higher levels. This compression changes the relative level cues that are the main source of distance perception cues. It is unknown the degree to which this occurs or the operational effect of such changes. The object of this research is to understand the degree to which sensitivity to distance cues is affected, the degree to which this is a function of experience and the operational impact of such changes. Click here for more information

Opportunity Snapshot

About Us

Grooming future leaders in science and technology requires enhancing the skills, knowledge and experience of workers early in their careers. To that end, ORAU (Oak Ridge Associated Universities) assists in connecting the best and most diverse students, recent graduates, faculty and professionals with world-class fellowships, internships and jobs, whether in national laboratories, research institutions, federal government offices or private sector R&D departments.

ORAU works with agencies such as the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Research Associateship Program (RAP) allow Postdoctoral Fellows, Journeyman Fellows (undergraduate and graduates students and recent graduates), Senior Researchers, and Summer Faculty engage in research initiatives of their own choice, that are compatible with the interests of the government and will potentially contribute to the general effort of the ARL. We work with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to place recent graduates in full-time and part-time jobs in the Office of Research and Development at EPA under the National Student Services Contract. ORAU also works with Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation.

Research opportunities include, but are not limited to the following disciplines: Aerospace Engineering, Anthropology, Archeology, Biology, Biochemistry, Biological Engineering, Biomechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Data Science, Electrical Engineering, Environmental Health Risk Assessment, Environmental Science, Entomology, Epidemiology, Ergonomics, Geology, Health Education Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Mathematics, Nanotechnology, Photonics, Physics, Public Health Economics, Public Health Policy, Toxicology, and more.

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