Decision-Making and Decision Support
at ORAU Workforce Solutions

Date Posted: 12/23/2018

Opportunity Description

Humans often make decisions with conflicting and overwhelming amounts of information under time pressure in complex environments. For the military, the complex environment is comprised of multiple networks and their interactions: social and cognitive networks (individual humans and groups), information networks, and communication networks. The networked environment offers vast amounts of information, but tools are needed to explore and understand the information contained in the networks. Decision support systems summarize information by performing computations to provide recommendations. Such systems can enhance decision-making, but have primarily been successful for highly structured, linear activities and tasks in aviation and health care. However, not all activities and tasks in the military have or are amendable to a linear sequential structure. Furthermore, in some cases decision support can actually impede decision-making because of automation bias, complacency, lack of training, and/or poor system transparency or rationale. Research in the area of decision-making and decision support includes: (1) Decision-making under uncertainty: Conflicting and too much information, and time pressure (2) Decision-making for protocol-driven activities and tasks versus less well specified tasks with non-linear structures (3) Human decision-making with aids and tools, such as machine decision support, including system feedback, human-machine interaction, transparency, rationale, and automation Experimental methods include empirical research on human decision-making in the lab, online (e.g., Mturk), and in field settings such as military exercises, and modeling of human decision-making. This research has potential applications to design and capabilities of decision support tools. Click here for more information

Opportunity Snapshot

About Us

Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) administers Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) research participation programs for civilians such as:

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Research Associateship Program (RAP) allow Postdoctoral Fellows, Journeyman Fellows (undergraduate and graduates students and recent graduates), Senior Researchers, and Summer Faculty engage in research initiatives of their own choice, that are compatible with the interests of the government and will potentially contribute to the general effort of the ARL. Scientists and engineers at ARL help shape and execute the Army's program for meeting the challenge of developing technologies that will support Army forces in meeting future operational needs.

Research opportunities include, but are not limited to the following disciplines: Aerospace Engineering, Anthropology, Archeology, Biology, Biochemistry, Biological Engineering, Biomechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Environmental Health Risk Assessment, Environmental Science, Entomology, Epidemiology, Ergonomics, Geology, Health Education Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Mathematics, Nanotechnology, Photonics, Physics, Public Health Economics, Public Health Policy, and more.

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